1992 AIDS Magic Johnson quits Pres. Bush's National Commission on AIDS because of lack of support.
1992 Mars Observer The $980 million spacecraft is launched. NASA lost contact with it three days before it was scheduled to arrive at Mars in August of 1993.
1987 Beauty and the Beast debuts on CBS.
1981 First woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court Sandra Day O'Connor is sworn in.
1965 The Beatles cartoon debuts on ABC.
1954 Elvis Presley The King makes his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry. An Opry official suggested he go back to driving trucks.
1951 Junction transistor is patented by Dr. Shockley of Bell Laboratories.
1890 Yosemite National Park established by Congress.
1789 Bill of Rights is submitted to the states for ratification.
1690 First American newspaper Publick Occurrences Foreign and Domestick by Benjamin Harris of Boston is published. It was suppressed after one issue by the Royal Governor.
1513 First European to discover the Pacific Ocean Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa.
1961 Heather Locklear American actress. TV: Dynasty (Sammy Jo).
1952 Mark Hamill American actor. Film: Star Wars (1977, Luke Skywalker). TV: General Hospital (Kent Murray).
1952 Christopher Reeve d. 2004 American actor. He became a quadriplegic after a horseback-riding accident (1995). Film: The Superman movies (1978-87, the man of steel). Writings: Still Me (1998, won a Grammy for the audio version).
1949 Anson Williams American actor. TV: Happy Days (Potsie).
1947 Cheryl Tiegs American model.
1944 Michael Douglas American Oscar-winning actor. Film: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975, co-producer: it won five Oscars). He also did the voiceovers for the Nissan Infiniti commercials.
1943 Robert Walden American actor. TV: Lou Grant (Joe Rossi).
1936 Juliet Prowse dancer, actress.
1932 Edgar C. Whisenant d. 2001 American NASA engineer and Bible student. His book 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Will Be in 1988, which sold 4.5 million copies, predicted the Rapture would occur between September 11 and 13, 1988. As the date loomed, Trinity Broadcasting Network provided special bulletins with instructions on preparing for the Rapture. After the predicted date passed, he followed up with books predicting the Rapture in 1989, 1993, 1994, etc.
1931 Barbara Walters American Emmy-winning interviewer, commentator, the first woman anchor of a network TV news program (1976).
1897 William Faulkner d. 1962 American Nobel-Pulitzer-winning author, wrote The Sound and the Fury (1929), Sanctuary (1931), A Fable (1954), and The Reivers (1962, Nobel).
1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan d. 1945 American zoologist. He won a 1933 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the chromosome's role in heredity.
1806 James Harmon Ward d. 1861 Union Naval officer, first Naval officer killed in the Civil War. He was shot by a Confederate sharpshooter while aiming a cannon at Mathias Point, Virginia.
1988 Billy Carter b. 1937 American personality, ex-Pres. Jimmy Carter's brother.
1987 Mary Astor b. 1906 (Lucille Vasconcellos Langhanke), Oscar-winning actress, The Maltese Falcon (1941) and The Great Lie (1941, Oscar).
1984 Walter Pidgeon b. 1897 Canadian-born actor, noted for his films with Greer Garson. Film: The Gorilla (1931, title role).
1970 Erich Maria Remarque b. 1898 German-born American author, All Quiet on the Western Front (1929), the first non-American/English book to top the best seller list.
1960 Emily Post b. 1873 American etiquette columnist and author.
1928 Richard Felton Outcault b. 1863 American cartoonist, created the first recurring comic strip character (1896), the Yellow Kid of Hogan's Alley. He also created Buster Brown (1902).
1777 Johann Heinrich Lambert b. 1728 German mathematician, physicist, astronomer, proved that the numbers e and pi are irrational, and for whom the unit of brightness "lambert" is named.
1534 Clement VII b. 1478 Italian religious leader, 219th Pope (1523-34). He was the illegitimate son of Giuliano de Medici. Just days before his death, he commissioned Michelangelo's painting of The Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel.
1185 Lucius III b. ???? religious leader, 171st Pope (1181-85).