1945 United Nations is founded with 50 countries signing its charter.
1940 Fair Labor Standards Act goes into effect, establishing the 40-hour work week in the U.S.
1931 George Washington Bridge opens, connecting New York and New Jersey.
1929 Black Thursday Stock Market panic due to declining stock prices; the stock market crash was just around the corner.
1929 Fleischmann Hour debuts on NBC radio featuring Rudy Vallee and his Connecticut Yankees.
1901 First person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and survive 62-year-old Anna Edson Taylor.
1897 First multi-paneled comic strip Richard Felton Outcault's Yellow Kid in the New York Journal.
1861 First U.S. transcontinental telegraph message is sent, from San Francisco to Washington D.C.
1947 Kevin Kline American actor. TV: Search For Tomorrow (Woody Reed).
1939 F. Murray Abraham American Oscar-winning actor. Film: Amadeus (1984, Oscar, as Mozart's rival Salieri).
1936 David Nelson American actor. TV: The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (as himself).
1930 Big Bopper d. 1959 (J.P. Richardson), American singer. Music: Chantilly Lace (1958) and Little Red Riding Hood (1958). He died in a plane crash with Buddy Holly.
1916 Bob Kane d. 1998 American Hall of Fame cartoonist, creator of Batman (1939).
1903 Melvin Purvis d. 1960 American FBI agent, was the FBI agent in charge during the killings of John Dillinger and "Pretty Boy" Floyd.
1855 James Schoolcraft Sherman d. 1912 27th U.S. Vice-President (1909-12).
1839 Anna Edson Taylor d. 1921 American daredevil. She was the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and survive (1901). She did it on her 62nd birthday.
1788 Sarah Josepha Hale d. 1879 American author, Mary Had a Little Lamb (1830).
1632 Anton van Leeuwenhoek d. 1723 Dutch biologist, Father of Microscopy, using a crude microscope of his own design, he became the first person to see microorganisms in detail (1684).
A.D. 51 Domitian d. A.D. 96 Roman Emperor (81-96 AD). Known for his cruelty, he was assassinated by a man hired by his wife and court officers after they discovered the emperor's plans to execute them.
2005 Rosa Parks b. 1913 American civil-rights leader. She helped start the civil rights movement when she refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man (1955).
1972 Jackie Robinson b. 1919 (Jack Roosevelt Robinson), American baseball player, 1949 MVP. He was the first black to play major-league baseball (1947, Brooklyn Dodgers) and was the first black inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame (1962).
1852 Daniel Webster b. 1782 American statesman.
1821 Elias Boudinot b. 1740 10th president of the Continental Congress (1782-83), and missionary to the Indians.