1958 First animals in space which were returned safely to Earth Two Soviet dogs.
1955 First copy of the Guinness Book of Records is bound. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1942 USS Iowa The battleship is launched. In 1943 it became the only U.S. Navy ship with a bathtub; which was installed to accommodate Pres. Roosevelt who would have had difficultly using a shower.
1889 First celluloid roll film is produced, by the Eastman Dry Plate Co. of New York.
1883 Krakatoa Explosion The Indonesian volcanic island explodes with a force equivalent to 26 H-bombs, discharging 5 cubic miles of volcanic matter. The ensuing eruptions and tsunamis killed over 36,000 people. The explosions could be heard from 3,000 miles away.
1859 First successful oil well is drilled, near Titusville, Pennsylvania.
1832 Indian chief Black Hawk surrenders ending the Black Hawk War.
1783 First hydrogen-balloon flight (unmanned) by Jacques C. Charles.
1665 First Play in America The Bare and Ye Cubb is performed by three local residents of Virginia. They were fined for performing in public.
413 B.C. Peloponnesian War An eclipse of the Moon frightened the Athenians into delaying the movement of their forces from Syracuse for twenty-seven days. This delay gave an advantage to their enemies, the Syracusans, who then defeated the entire Athenian fleet and army.
1947 Barbara Bach actress, wife of Ringo Starr. Film: The Spy Who Loved Me (1977, KGB agent Major Anya Amasova).
1943 Tuesday Weld (Susan Weld), American actress. TV: The Many Lives of Dobie Gillis (Thalia Menninger, Dobie's unattainable desire).
1942 Daryl Dragon American musician, the Captain of Captain and Tennille. Music: Love Will Keep Us Together (1975, #1) and Muskrat Love (1976).
1937 Tommy Sands American singer, actor, teen idol. He was married to Nancy Sinatra (1960-65). Music: Teen-Age Crush. Film: Babes in Toyland (1960).
1916 Martha Raye d. 1994 (Margaret Reed), American actress, denture wearer. Film: Monsieur Verdoux (1947).
1910 Mother Teresa of Calcutta d. 1997 (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu), Yugoslavian-born Nobel Peace Prize-winning missionary. Called "The Living Saint," she dedicated her life to the poor and sick of India.
1908 Lyndon Baines Johnson d. 1973 36th U.S. President (1963-69) and 37th U.S. Vice-President (1961-63). He was the first president to use the Hot Line. Quote: "Making a speech on economics is a lot like pissing down your leg. It seems hot to you, but it never does to anyone else."
1899 C.S. Forester d. 1966 (Cecil Scott Forester), novelist, created Horatio Hornblower.
1882 Samuel Goldwyn d. 1974 (Samuel Goldfish), Polish-born film maker, once said "An oral agreement isn't worth the paper it's written on."
1865 Charles Gates Dawes d. 1951 30th U.S. Vice-President (1925-29).
1809 Hannibal Hamlin d. 1891 15th U.S. Vice-President (1861-65).
1990 Stevie Ray Vaughan b. 1954 American Hall of Fame guitarist, musician. He died in a helicopter crash, along with several members of Eric Clapton's road crew.
1978 Robert Shaw b. 1927 British actor, author. Film: From Russia with Love (1963, SPECTRE agent Red Grant). He wrote The Man in the Glass Booth (1967), which described the trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann.
1974 Charles Augustus Lindbergh b. 1902 American aviator, "Lucky Lindy." He was the first person to fly non-stop across the Atlantic (1927).
1971 Bennett Alfred Cerf b. 1898 American publisher. He was the founder, president, and chairman of Random House publishers. He was also a panelist on the TV show What's My Line? for 16 years.
1967 Brian Epstein b. 1934 British impresario, discoverer and first manager of The Beatles.
1964 Gracie Allen b. 1902 (Grace Ethel Cecile Rosalie Allen), comic, wife and partner of George Burns.
1963 William Edward Burghardt DuBois b. 1868 American educator, co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP, 1909). He was the first black to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard (1895).
1963 Garrett Morgan b. 1877 African-American businessman. He invented a gas-mask that was popular with American fire fighters. He was also, reportedly, the first African-American to own an automobile. This led to another successful invention of his: An improved traffic light (1922).
1958 Priscilla Lawson b. 1914 (Priscilla Shortridge), American actress. Film: Flash Gordon movie serials (1936, Princess Aura the daughter of Ming the Merciless). She was Miss Miami Beach (1935).
1958 Ernest Orlando Lawrence b. 1901 American Nobel-winning physicist. He developed the atom smasher which produced the fuel for the first atomic bombs.
1937 Frederick Burr Opper b. 1857 American cartoonist. He created Happy Hooligan (1902) and illustrated works for Mark Twain.
1898 Mary Downing Barnes b. 1850 American educator, the first woman faculty member of Stanford University (1891).
1590 Sixtus V b. ???? religious leader, 227th Pope (1585-90).