1993 Vietnam Women's Memorial Ground is broken for the first memorial in Washington D.C. to honor women's military service. It honors the 11,500 women who served in Vietnam and the 265,000 uniformed women who served during the war.
1989 First 8-feet high jump Cuban high jumper Javier Sotomayor clears 8 ft. 0 inches.
1981 Royal Wedding Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer.
1967 Fire on USS Forrestal kills 134 people.
1966 Tour de France Tour officials conduct their first drug test on riders. The use of performance-enhancing drugs was considered legal until 1965.
1966 The Beatles The U.S. teen magazine Datebook reprints an earlier quote by John Lennon stating that "We're more popular than Jesus now." This prompted Beatles Bonfires and the banning of their music by radio stations.
1966 Bob Dylan The folk singer breaks his neck when he crashes his motorcycle near his home in Woodstock, New York.
1927 First electric artificial respirator is installed, at Bellevue Hospital in New York. It was developed by physicians at Harvard University and called the "iron lung."
1921 Adolf Hitler The future German leader becomes president of the National Socialist German Workers (NAZI) party.
1829 Chippewa, Ottawa and Powatomi Indians cede their land in the Michigan territory to the U.S.
1956 Michael Spinks American boxer, IBF heavyweight boxing champion (1985). He is the only light-heavyweight champion to have won a world heavyweight title.
1938 Peter Charles Jennings d. 2005 Canadian-born TV news reporter. He scored 100 out of 100 on the U.S. citizenship exam. He was a high school drop out.
1933 Robert Fuller American actor. TV: Laramie (Jess Harper), Wagon Train (Cooper Smith), and Emergency! (Dr. Bracket).
1924 Lloyd Bochner Canadian-born actor. TV: Dynasty (Cecil Colby) and Santa Barbara (C.C. Capwell).
1914 Professor Irwin Corey American comic, "The World's Foremost Authority." In 1959, he ran for president on the Playboy ticket. Quote: If we don't change direction soon, we'll end up where we're going. Source: Fifth 637 Best Things Anybody Ever Said (still alive 2014)
1905 Dag Hammarskjöld d. 1961 Swedish statesman, Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61). He was killed in a suspicious plane crash while en route to negotiate a cease-fire between U.N. and Congolese forces. He was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1883 Benito Mussolini d. 1945 Italian Fascist dictator. He was killed by partisans who hung his body for exhibit in Milan's main square.
1869 Booth Tarkington d. 1946 American Pulitzer-winning novelist. Writings: The Magnificent Ambersons (1918, Pulitzer), and Alice Adams (1921, Pulitzer).
1983 Raymond Massey b. 1896 Canadian actor. Film: Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940, title role). TV: Dr. Kildare (Dr. Gillespie).
1983 David Niven b. 1909 British Oscar-winning actor. Film: Around the World in 80 Days (1956) and The Pink Panther (1964).
1979 Bill Todman b. 1916 American TV producer. TV: To Tell the Truth, What's My Line?, The Price Is Right, and Family Feud.
1974 "Mama" Cass Elliot b. 1941 (Ellen Naomi Cohen), American folk singer, with The Mamas and the Papas. Music: California Dreamin' and Monday, Monday. The urban legend that she died from choking on a ham sandwich is false. She actually died of heart failure.
1960 Richard Leo Simon b. 1899 American publisher, co-founder of the publishing house of Simon and Schuster (1924). Their first book was the world's first crossword puzzle book.
1953 Richard Pearse b. 1877 New Zealand farmer, aviation pioneer. He reportedly built and flew a monoplane craft in March of 1903 - eight months before the Wright brothers.
1890 Vincent van Gogh b. 1853 Dutch ear-cutting (actually it was only the lobe) postimpressionist painter. Although his paintings now sell for millions, he sold only one during his lifetime.
1644 Urban VIII b. 1568 Italian religious leader, 235th Pope (1623-44).
1099 Urban II b. circa 1042 French-born religious leader, 159th Pope (1088-99).