1992 Austria's Hofburg Palace catches on fire damage was estimated at $90,000,000.
1992 AIDS The successful use of adeno-associated virus (AAV) with an altered gene to combat AIDS in laboratory tests is announced by Science journal.
1985 Rocky IV premiers.
1951 The Dinah Shore Show debuts.
1914 First British Women Police Officers Mary Allen and E.F. Harburn begin patrolling in Grantham, Linclonshire.
1873 First major U.S. railroad tunnel The Hoosac Tunnel in Massachusetts is completed, remaining the longest until 1927. Its construction had begun in 1851. It also provided the first practical use of the newly discovered explosive nitroglycerin.
1826 First white man to cross the Mohave Desert American explorer Jedediah Smith arrives in San Diego. He and his crew had set out form the Great Salt Lake, Utah in August.
1755 First Jewish settlement in America Joseph Salvador establishes one in South Carolina.
1971 Kelly Bundy character on the TV show Married… With Children.
1971 Erik Menendez American murderer. In 1989, he and his brother, Lyle, committed the shotgun murders their wealthy parents in their Los Angeles home. After highly-publicized trials, they are both serving life sentences.
1969 Michael and James Lanier world's tallest identical twins, 7 ft. 4 in. Source: Guinness Book of World Records
1964 Robin Givens American actress and ex-wife of Mike Tyson. TV: Head of the Class (Darlene).
1963 Fisher Stevens (Stephen Fisher), American actor. TV: Key West (star).
1942 Jimi Hendrix d. 1970 (James Marshall Hendrix), American singer, Purple Haze (1967). He was the highest paid act at Woodstock.
1941 Eddie Rabbitt (Edward Thomas), American singer, songwriter. Music: Every Which Way But Loose (1978, #1) and I Love a Rainy Night (1980, #1).
1940 Bruce Lee d. 1973 American martial arts expert, actor. Film: Fists of Fury (1972) and Enter the Dragon (1973). TV: The Green Hornet (Kato).
1932 Benigno Aquino Jr d. 1983 Philippine politician, dissident. He was assassinated at the Manila airport upon returning to the Philippines.
1917 Buffalo Bob Smith American entertainer. TV: Howdy Doody (host).
1874 Charles Austin Beard d. 1948 American historian, known for his economic interpretation of history, co-author with his wife of The Rise of American Civilization (1927).
1874 Chaim Weizmann d. 1952 Israeli statesman, biochemist, instrumental in the Balfour Declaration (1917), which established a national home for Jews in Palestine and served as Israel's first president (1948-52).
1857 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington d. 1952 English physiologist. He shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in medicine with E.D. Adrian for the discovery of the neurons.
1843 Elizabeth "Long Liz" Stride d. 1888 English crime victim. She is the third known victim of Jack the Ripper. She was not mutilated like the other victims. It is believed the Ripper was interrupted during this crime, as he went on to murder and mutilate another woman an hour later.
1746 Robert R. Livingston d. 1813 American patriot, member of the Continental Congress. He administered the oath of office to George Washington in 1789.
1701 Anders Celsius d. 1744 Swedish astronomer, inventor of the Celsius (centigrade) thermometer (1742).
1988 John Carradine b. 1906 (Richmond Reed Carradine), American actor.
1953 Eugene Gladstone O'Neill b. 1888 American Nobel-Pulitzer-winning playwright, works include The Iceman Cometh (1946).
1934 Baby Face Nelson b. 1908 (George Nelson), American criminal, member of John Dillinger's gang.
1901 Clement Studebaker b. 1831 American carriage manufacturer. He and his brothers founded H & C Studebaker Company, which built Conestoga wagons and carriages. The Studebaker company didn't begin making their famous automobiles until 1904, several years after his death.
1895 Alexandre Dumas b. 1824 (Dumas fils), French author, playwright. Writings: Camille (1852) and The Natural Son (1858).
1812 John Dunlap b. 1747 American printer, publisher, he and David C. Claypoole published the first successful daily newspaper in U.S., the Pennsylvania Packet & General Advertiser (Sept 21, 1784). He also printed the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.