Feast Day of St. Joseph of Cupertino He is the patron saint of aviators.
1987 Fatal Attraction is released.
1975 Patty Hearst is captured by FBI agents and indicted for participating in a bank robbery with the Symbionese Liberation Army.
1973 Presidential UFO Future U.S. President, Jimmy Carter files a report stating he sighted a UFO in 1969. According to Carter, "It was the darndest thing I've ever seen. It was big, it was very bright, it changed colors and it was about the size of the moon. We watched it for ten minutes, but none of us could figure out what it was. …If I become President, I'll make every piece of information this country has about UFO sightings available to the public and the scientists." Source: Above Top Secret
1964 The Addams Family debuts on ABC.
1947 National Security Act of 1947 The act goes into effect. It created the "National Military Establishment" (NME). The name was later changed to Department of Defense since NME's pronunciation sounded too much like "Enemy." The act also created the CIA and formed the Air Force as its own military branch.
1915 First Paved U.S. Automobile Racetrack The asphalt-covered Narragansett Speedway, Cranston, Rhode Island opens. Two world records were then broken on it. Source: Famous First Facts
1895 First Chiropractic Treatment Daniel David Palmer treats Harvey Lillard for hearing loss by adjusting his spine. Palmer went on to develop chiropractic treatment and opened the first school of chiropractic two years later. He believed that disease was caused by poor nerve flow through the spine.
1891 First white woman Indian chief Harriet Maxwell Converse becomes chief of the Six Nations Tribe. She had been adopted by the Seneca's in 1884.
1851 New York Daily Times is founded, by Henry J. Raymond and George Jones, becoming the New York Times in 1857.
1830 Horse versus machine Tom Thumb, the first steam locomotive built in American, loses this celebrated race against a horse. Mechanical difficulties preventing it from finishing.
1810 Chile Chile separates from Spain, achieving its full independence in 1818.
1793 U.S. Capitol George Washington lays the conerstone for the Capitol building in Washington D.C.
1971 Lance Armstrong American cyclist. After being diagnosed with testicular cancer in 1996 that had metastasized and spread to his lungs, abdomen, and brain, he came back to win the Tour de France a record seven straight times (1999-2005).
1940 Frankie Avalon (Francis Thomas Avallone), American singer, actor.
1933 Robert Blake (Michael Gubitosi), American Emmy-winning actor. Film: The Little Rascals (Mickey) and Truman Capote's In Cold Blood (1967, killer Perry Wilson). TV: Baretta (title role). In 2001 his wife was shot to death while sitting in her car outside of a restaurant. Blake was tried and acquitted of the crime. However, he was found liable in a civil case for the murder and ordered to pay USD $30 million.
1927 Phyllis Kirk d. 2006 (Phyllis Kirkegaard), American actress. TV: The Thin Man (1957-59, Nora Charles). Film: House of Wax (1953, intended victim of the mad wax sculptor).
1920 Jack Warden d. 2006 (John H. Lebzelter), American Emmy-winning actor. TV: Crazy Like a Fox (Harry Fox). Film: Shampoo (1975, Lester Carp). He fought in the WWII Battle of Bulge (1944).
1916 Rossano Brazzi d. 1994 Italian actor, specializing in Continental lover roles. Film: The Barefoot Contessa (1954), Summertime (1955), and South Pacific (1958). TV: The Survivors (Riakos).
1907 Edwin Mattison McMillan d. 1991 American physicist. He shared a 1951 Nobel Prize with Glenn Seaborg for their discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements.
1905 Greta Garbo d. 1990 (Greta Gustafsson), Swedish-born actress. Film: Anna Karenina (1935) and Camille (1937).
1905 Eddie Anderson d. 1977 American actor. TV: The Jack Benny Program (Benny's valet Rochester).
1905 Agnes De Mille d. 1993 American Tony-winning choreographer, Oklahoma! (1943), Brigadoon (1947, Tony), and Kwamina (1962, Tony).
1849 Martha M. Place d. 1899 American murderer, first woman executed in the electric chair. She was convicted of killing her stepdaughter.
1838 Anton Mauve d. 1888 Dutch painter, for whom the color "mauve" is named.
1819 Jean Bernard Léon Foucault d. 1868 French physicist, one of the first to measure the speed of light (1850), demonstrated the rotation of the Earth with a pendulum (1851), and invented the gyroscope (1852).
1733 George Read d. 1798 American lawyer, politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1709 Samuel Johnson d. 1784 English lexicographer, poet. He wrote the first major English language dictionary (1755).
A.D. 53 Trajan d. 117 Spanish-born Roman Emperor (98-117). Emperor Nerva, whom he succeeded, adopted him as his son in 97 A.D.
1975 Pamela Brown b. 1917 English Emmy-winning actress, Victoria Regina (1961, Emmy).
1970 Jimi Hendrix b. 1942 (James Marshall Hendrix), American singer, Purple Haze (1967). He was the highest paid act at Woodstock.
1967 Sir John Cockcroft b. 1897 British nuclear physicist, in 1932 he and Ernest Walton became the first to use a particle accelerator to split an atom, for which they were awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize.
1961 Dag Hammarskjöld b. 1905 Swedish statesman, Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61). He was killed in a suspicious plane crash while en route to negotiate a cease-fire between U.N. and Congolese forces. He was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1951 Frank Gelett Burgess b. 1866 American author, humorist, illustrator. He wrote the famous quatrain: "I never Saw a Purple Cow, I never hope to see one; But I can tell you, anyhow, I rather see than be one." He also coined the word "blurb," to describe to the material on book jacket that praises the book.
1949 Frank Morgan b. 1890 (Francis Wuppermann), American actor. Film: The Wizard of Oz (1939, the Wizard).
1939 Charles Michael Schwab b. 1862 American industrialist. Starting out in the steel industry as a stake driver, he rose to president of Carnegie Steel (1897-1901), president of U.S. Steel (1901-03), and chairman of Bethlehem Steel (1903 et seq.).
1911 Peter Stolypin b. 1863 Russian premier (1906-11). Known for his ruthless tactics to achieve reform and democratization, he was assassinated by a police double agent.
1864 John Hanning Speke b. 1827 English explorer. He discovered the source of the Nile (1858).
1180 Louis VII b. circa 1121 King of France (1137-80).
A.D. 96 Domitian b. A.D. 51 Roman Emperor (81-96 AD). Known for his cruelty, he was assassinated by a man hired by his wife and court officers after they discovered the emperor's plans to execute them.